Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic (long term) disease that refers to a group of endocrine disorders characterized by the presence of elevated blood glucose levels (also called hyperglycemia).It results from the body’s inability to produce and/or properly use insulin.
Glucose is the main source of energy for our body. It comes mainly from the food we eat and results in an elevated blood sugar. The pancreas, a gland deep in the abdomen, secretes insulin in response to this deviation in blood sugar. Insulin is a hormone who’s main role is facilitate the entry of glucose in the cells of the body, where it is used for energy.
In diabetes, the absence of insulin and/or resistance to its action actionimplies that glucose stays in the blood and leads to persistent hyperglycemia if not managed promptly. Prolonged periods of hyperglycemia can have numerous side effects on the whole body on the short term and on the long run.
Diabetes is a serious disease and it can be very dangerous if not well managed. It requires ongoing medical and nutritional care along with patient education and support.